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A multi-block clustering algorithm for high dimensional binarized sparse data

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We introduce a multidimensional multiblock clustering (MDMBC) algorithm in this paper. MDMBC can generate overlapping clusters with similar values along clusters of dimensions. The parsimonious binary vector representation of multidimensional clusters lends itself to the application of efficient meta-heuristic optimization algorithms. In this paper, a hill-climbing (HC) greedy search algorithm has been presented that can be extended by several stochastic and population-based meta-heuristic frameworks. The benefits of the algorithm are demonstrated in a bi-clustering benchmark problem and in the analysis of the Leiden higher education ranking system, which measures the scientific performance of 903 institutions along four dimensions of 20 indicators representing publication output and collaboration in different scientific fields and time periods.