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Neonatal Activity Monitoring by Camera-Based Multi-LSTM Network

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The objective evaluation of an infant’s activity and sleep pattern is critical in improving the comfort of the babies and ensuring the proper amount of quality sleep. The predefined behavioral states of an infant describe their consciousness and arousal level. The different states are characterized by different movements, body tone, eye movements and breath patterns. To recognize and adapt to these states is an essential part of development-friendly caring. It affects the neonate’s sleep, influencing their brain development, while improving the bonding between mother and baby, and feeding is more successful during the state of quiet awakened. It can be a more difficult task to determine the level of arousal in premature neonates. In preterm clinics, the general practice is continuous observation, requiring the attention of the hospital staff. To create an automated, more objective system, helping the hospital staff and the parents, we developed a multi-RNN (multi-recurrent neural network) network-based solution to solve this classification problem, which works on a time-series-like feature set, extracted from cameras’ video feeds. The set is composed of video actigraphy features, video-based respiration signal and additional descriptors. We separate infant caring from undisturbed presence based on our previous ensemble network solution. The network was trained and evaluated using our database of 402 h of footage, collected at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dept. of Neonatology of Pediatrics, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, with all-day recordings of 10 babies.